Economy of Religions in Anatolia and Northern Syria: From the Early Second to the Middle of the First Millennium BCE (AOAT 467)

Economy of Religions in Anatolia and Northern Syria: From the Early Second to the Middle of the First Millennium BCE (AOAT 467)

Manfred Hutter und Sylvia Hutter-Braunsar (Hrg.)

Alter Orient und Altes Testament 467

ISBN: 978-3-86835-313-6

Pub: 2019

vi + 205 pp.

“Religions” are always costly – one has to give offerings (with material value) to the gods, one has to provide the salary for religious specialists who offer their service for their clients, one has to arrange festivals and liturgies – and of course, one has to provide the material means for building temples or shrines. But these costs also repay – as the gods give health or well-being as reward for the offerings. Even if one can never be absolutely certain about such a reward, one at least might earn social reputation because of one’s (financial) involvement in religion. But temples are also economic centers – “employing” (often in close relation to the palace) people as workers, craftsmen or “intellectuals” in different positions whose “costs of living” are supplied by the temple. Individual religious specialists receive payment for their service to cover their own costs of living. Although this might sound “modern”, religion and economy were intertwined with each other in ancient society also. For this reason, the papers of this conference volume analyse and discuss how the cults, rituals and institutions in Anatolia in the 2nd and 1st millennium contribute to the economic process in those areas.


Table of Contents

Sylvia Hutter-Braunsar / Manfred Hutter: 


Religiöses Wirtschaften 


Francesco G. Barsacchi: 


Distribution and Consumption of Food in Hittite Festivals. The Social and Economic Role of Religious Commensality as Reflected by Hittite Sources 


Michele Cammarosano / Jürgen Lorenz: 


Der hethitische Staatskult als öffentliches Gut 


Levan Gordeziani / Irene Tatišvili: 


Zum wirtschaftlichen Aspekt der „Reform“ Tuthaliyas IV.


Manfred Hutter: 


How does a MUNUSŠU.GI Earn her Living?


Sylvia Hutter-Braunsar: 


Hethitische „Krankenkassenbeiträge“. Die Gelübde Puduhepas für Leben und Gesundheit Hattusilis
Zheng Li: 


What did the Temple get from the Kings in Hittite History? A Historical Consideration of the Temple Economy in the Hittite Kingdom 


Lynn E. Roller: 


Economy and Cult Practice in Archaic Phrygia 


Ian Rutherford: 


Gods of the Market Place. Merchants, Economics and Religious Innovation 


Şiar Can Şener: 


Das frühhethitische „Saray“ in Yassıhöyük. Beobachtungen zur Tempelwirtschaft 


Jana Siegelová: 


Naturalabgaben für den Kult und für Kulteinrichtungen des Hethitischen Reiches 


Zsolt Simon: 


Die Handwerker des späthethitischen Tempels (KARKAMIŠ A2+3 §§ 16-17) 


Charles W. Steitler: 


Hittite Professionals and Patron Deities 


Matteo Vigo: 


Staple and Wealth Finance and the Administration of the Hittite Economy 


Livio Warbinek: 


An “Economical” Oracular Procedure. Evidence from the Hittite KIN Oracle
Fred C. Woudhuizen: 


The Role of Brotherhoods in West-Luwian Religion (5th to 2nd Century BCE) 


Michaela Zinko / Christian Zinko: 


Tempelwirtschaft und Kultinventare. Sind Kultinventare Quellen für ökonomische Verhältnisse? – Untersucht an KBo 2.1
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