Papyrus Amherst 63. (AOAT 448)

Papyrus Amherst 63. (AOAT 448)

Karel van der Toorn

ISBN: 978-3-86835-258-0

Pub: 2018

xiv + 334 pp. + 40 Abb.
 
This book offers a transliteration and translation of a text that has long been referred to as a “mystery papyrus.” The scribes of Papyrus Amherst 63 used the Demotic script to put down in writing a compilation of Aramaic texts. This unusual combination of script and language necessitates the collaboration of scholars from different disciplines. Since the papyrus is not a merely linguistic puzzle but a challenge too in terms of its religious and historical background, no scholar is likely to singlehandedly solve the enigmas of the text. If it had not been for the help and advice of many colleagues and friends, I would not have been able to present this edition. Let me simply give their names, in alphabetic order, without going into detail about the specific contribution each of them made. My thanks go to Paul-Alain Beaulieu, John J. Collins, Edward M. Cook, Lucinda Dirven, Koen Donker van Heel, Tawny Holm, Olaf Kaper, Aaron J. Koller, Ingo Kottsieper, Verena Lepper, Herbert Niehr, Dennis G. Pardee, Mark S. Smith, Richard C. Steiner, Marten Stol, and Jan Willem Wesselius. The purpose of this list is neither to enhance the credibility of this edition nor to shift the blame for its shortcomings to others. It is most of all testimony to the importance and the privilege of working within a scholarly community where we feel free to share our thoughts without fear of making errors. In the case of Papyrus Amherst 63 it will still take a lot of errors before we reach a perfect understanding of the text and its background. I am confident this book is a small step toward that goal. It is gratefully dedicated to Richard C. Steiner and Jan Willem Wesselius, pioneers in the decipherment and interpretation of Papyrus Amherst 63.
 
Inhalt:
 
Table of Contents vii
Acknowledgements ix
Abbreviations xi
PART I 1
Papyrus Amherst 63, an Introduction 3
The Textual Community of the Papyrus 6
The Riddle of Rash 13
Palmyra in the Amherst Papyrus 18
Religious Interaction and Transformation in Palmyra 26
The Origins of the Collection 37
PART II 41
Text and Translation 43
Section I: The Babylonians (columns i-v) 45
Column I 45
Column II 46
Column III 48
Column IV 49
Column V 51
Section II: The Syrians (columns vi-xi) 53
Column VI 53
Column VII 54
Column VIII 55
Column IX 57
Column X 59
Column XI 61
Section III: The Samarians (columns xii-xiii) 65
Column XII 65
Column XIII 66
Section IV: Palmyra (columns xiv-xvii) 69
Column XIV 69
Column XV 71
Column XVI 72
Column XVII 75
Section V: Appendix (columns xviii-xxiii) 79
Column XVIII 79
Column XIX 80
Column XX 81
Column XXI 82
Column XXII 84
Column XXIII 85
PART III 87
Commentary 89
Section I: The Babylonians (columns i-v) 91
viii Table of contents
Column I 91
Column II 98
Column III 102
Column IV 106
Column V 110
Section II: The Syrians (columns vi-xi) 115
Column VI 115
Column VII 120
Column VIII 125
Column IX 132
Column X 141
Column XI 152
Section III: The Samarians (columns xii-xiii) 161
Column XII 161
Column XIII 169
Section IV: Palmyra (columns xiv-xvii) 177
Column XIV 177
Column XV 185
Column XVI 189
Column XVII 203
Section V: Appendix (columns xviii-xxiii) 215
Column XVIII 215
Column XIX 221
Column XX 225
Column XXI 228
Column XXII 233
Column XXIII 236
Glossary 241
Bibliography 277
Sign-List 289
Photographs 293
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